Indexing “The Philosophy of Conspiracy Theories”

I am almost done with the final touches on the book, like the dreaded index. For people who might find this kind of thing interesting (and those of you who want to find the jokes), herein lies the first draft of the index. It needs some work, but it’s fairly comprehensive.

9/11, 2, 85-86 [other references?], 90-91, 92, 94-95, 111, 119, 131, 139, 140, 141
– Inside Job hypothesis 130, 132, 161-164, 180-181
– Outside Job hypothesis 164-166

Aaronovitch, David 88, 118
Abstract Expression 169-*
Ambitious conspiracy theories, 19, 80-81, 83-85
Al-Qaeda, 1
Alien shape-shifting reptiles, see Reptilians
Anthropogenic Climate Change 97 [no earlier references?]
Appeal to authority 86, 90-91, 91-93
– appeal to academic authority, see Peer Review
– appeal to political authority 97-99
– individual vs. group trust 101-102
– naive trust in authority 101-102, 106-108 [although this comes under the official theories stuff…]
– Peer review 95-97, 98, 101
– poliitcal oversight 101-102
– Sneering 90-91
– Endorsing 90-91, 95, 102-104, 116
– Insincerity 99, 103
Arnold, Gordon B., 10, 31, 71

Bale, Jeffrey M., 10, 25, 31, 35, 46, 118-119, 135
Barkun, Michael, [might be earlier references], 33, 42-44, 46, 118, 132, 135
Basham, Lee, 19, 29-30, 41-42, 49-50, 79-85, 99-100, 113, 136-137, 138, 152-153, 168, 173, 178, 178-179, 180
Beck, Glenn, 7, 14, 36-37, 65, 66, 138
Bernstein, Carl 74
Birchall, Clare 155 [no other references?]
Buenting, Joel, 31, 114-116, 139-142
Burden of proof, 65-66, 151-154, 155

Caesar, Julius, assassination of, 57-60, 61, 62-63, 119, 181
Carroll, Lewis 146-147
Chilling effect on debate 77-78, 88-89, 113 [really needs a better name]
CIA, see Abstract Expressionism
Clarke, Steve, [any previous references?], 57, 75, 136 [no other references?], 162
Coady, David, 19-20, 29-30, 31, 35-36, 46-47, 58, 74-75, 79, 84, 100, 112-114, 119, 130, 155, 173, 178
Cock-up theories 117-120 [maybe put in official theories?]
Coincidence theories 117-120 [maybe put in official theories?], 121
Cook, John, 45-46, 135
Competency, 98
Consensus 95-96
Conspiracies
– definitions; general; pejorative;
– conditions of conspiratorial activity, 23-24
– vagueness of claims of conspiracies, see secrecy condition, 24
– Vagueness argument 161-165, 180-181
– genuine conspiracy, 27-30, 108-112 [under official theories/cross ref?], 152, 178
– as examples of sinister activity, 39, 44-50
– as examples of suspicious, not sinister activity, 46-50
– surprise parties as examples of conspiracies, see Surprise parties
– size criterion, 42-44, 75-76, 132-133
– petty conspiracies, see size criterion
– word conspiracies, see size criterion
– systemic conspiracies, see size criterion
– superconspiracies, see size criterion
– event conspiracies, see size criterion
– total conspiracies, see size criterion
– of goodness, 49-50
– as not extraordinary [other references] 156-157
– precise claims 162, 180-181
– unintended ends 166-* [must be other references]
Conspiracism, 45-46, 73, 105-106, 134, 135, 157, 179
– definition, 33-35
– criticism of, 35-37, 39, 56
– analogy with atheism, 36-37
Conspiracy narratives, see Págan, Victoria Emma
Conspiracy theories
– conspirators condition 23-24
– general, non-pejorative definition, 21, 30, 31-32, 38, 122-123, 173
– taxonomy of definitions, 20-22
– pejorative definition, [must be other references] 21-23, 77-78, 105, 121
– secrecy condition, 24, 27-30, 46-50, 58, 60-61, 72, 109-111, 133, 151-152, 161-*
– perfect secrecy, 27-30
– goal condition, 24, 57
– connection between conspiratorial activity and the outcome of conspiratorial activity, 24
– conspiratorial success, 27-30, 72, 181 [must be more references]
– as a mode of political expression, [might be earlier references], 31
– argument against the pejorative definition, [might be earlier references], 31-32, 38, 176
– arguments about the warrant of conspiracy theories generally, see generalist views on conspiracy theories
– argument about the warrant of particular conspiracy theories, see particularist views on conspiracy theories
– pathological belief in conspiracy theories, see Conspiracism
– wide definition, [Might be earlier references], 38, 51-52, 77-78, 111, 154-155, 163
– as historical explanations, 54-56
– as situational explanations, 57-58
– was rational to believe in once, but not now [earlier references in chapter 2], 70
– belief in as understandable but still irrational [earlier references in chapter 2], 70-71
– local, global & total conspiracy theories, see Räikkä
– belief entails radical skepticism, see Public Trust Skepticism
– defeatism 85
– as merely unofficial [links to official theories] 112-
– choosing to believe over official theories 114-117
– as partial explanations, see Gorbachev, Caesar, Abstract Expression
Conspiracist, see Conspiracism
Conspiracy theory theorists, 8
Conspiracy theory skeptics, 8
Conspiracy theory skepticism, [Might be earlier references] 36-37
Conspiracy theory of society, 15-17, 25-26, 27-30, 109-110, 159
Conspiracy theorist
– arguments against the pejorative use of conspiracy theorist, [may be earlier stuff to refer to], 29, 39, 122-123
– qualified conspiracy theorists, 63-, 68-69
– pejorative [must be earlier references] 112-114, 115-116
Conspirators, 24-25
– godlike conspirators, 25-27, 177
– intentions of, 53-62
– dispositions, see intentions
– acting collectively, 60-63
Consummation, see conspiratorial success
Counterfacts 131-134
Chamorro-Premuzic, Tomas, 34
Crippled epistemologies, 13-14

D-Day Landings, 67, 110-111
Darwin, Hannah, 10
deHaven-Smith, Lance [no earlier references?] 120-123, 179
Dewey, John, see Moscow Trials
Disinformation 102, 128-129, 131-134, 136, 138, 139-141, 163, 165-166, 173-174, 179, 179-180
Dodgson, Charles Lutwidge 146-147
Doublethinking, 62-63, 177
Douglas, Karen M., 34, 45, 105-106, 134-135

Eco, Umberto 126
Epistemic irony 83
Errant data
– Contradictory data 130-131, also see Disinformation [this should be under this heading, with Disinformation being see also, also false flags]
– Unaccounted-for data 128-130, 140, 180
Everest 148-149
Evidential support

False flag 129, 138, 161, 163, 173-174, 179
Falsificationism, 122, 133-134, 134-136, 162-*
– unfalsifiability of conspiracy theories, 43
Feldman, Susan [might be an earlier reference], 46, 55-56, 106, 131-134
Fenster, Mark [no earlier references?] 70-71, 120
FNORD (1-22, 24-181)
Fortuitous data 139-142
Fortunate data 139-142
Furnham, Adrian, 34

Gage, Richard 86, 94
Gignac, Gilles E., 14, 25, 135
Gelfert, Axel 106-107
Generalist views on conspiracy theories, 32-33, 33-34, 35-36
Genuine conspiracies
Global Warming, see Anthropogenic Climate Change
Gorbachev, Mikhail, kidnapping of 166-167, 181
Griffin, David Ray 86, 94-95, 120
Groh, Dieter, 26
Gulf of Tonkin incident, 80-81, 177
Gunpowder Plot, 30

Halfrunt, Gag 178
Heins, Volker, 12-13, 43, 79, 134
Historians, as conspiracy theorists, 64, 68
Hofstadter, Richard, 9-11, 15, 70-71, 78-79
Holmes, Joni, 10
Holocaust, see Shoah

Icke, David, 7, 14, 26, 36-37, 39, 71, 138, 177
Inference to a conspiracy theory 160-161
– tight connection between conspiracies and explanations
Inference to any old explanation 144-145, 147-148
Inference to the existence of a conspiracy, 65-66
Inference to the best explanation
– problems identifying credible explanatory hypotheses 83, 147-148
– Might want to the four conditions in more detail
Influential institutions, 90-91 [no earlier references?]
Intentions as evidence for a conspiracy theory, [might be earlier references in that chapter], 68-69
Institutional conspiracies, 40-42
Integrity 98
Investigating conspiracy theories [earlier references?] 83
Illuminati, 1-2
Iraq, invasion of, [might be earlier references under Blair or Bush: should they have entries?], 62-63, 81, 91, 133
Irvine, Andrew 148-149

JFK, see Kennedy, John F.
Jones, Alex, [no earlier references to him?] 65, 66, 138
Joseph, Craig M., 34-35, 45

Keeley, Brian, 17-18, 71-75, 76-77, 82-83, 88, 129-131, 135-136, 162-*, 177
Kennedy, John F., assassination of [no earlier references?] 76, 89, 129-130, 180
Knight, Peter, 10, 13, 31-32, 44, [some references inbetween?] 78-79, 138

The intentions of the conspirators, 11-12

LaRouche, Lyndon, 26
Lee, Martha F., 26, 31, 43, 119
Levy, Neil 88, 106-107, [no earlier references?]
Lewandowsky, Stephan, 14, 25, 45-46, 135
Liddell, Alice 146-147
Litvinenko, Alexander 156-157
Locke, Simon, 13, 26, 44
Lone Guman hypothesis, see Kennedy, John F., assassination of
Lucky evidence, see fortuitous data

Mallory, George Leigh 148-149
Mandik, Pete, 28-30, 118, 151
Mason, Fran, 14
Marriott, Michael, 45-46, 135
McKay, Chris 150-151
McVeigh, Timothy 119
Moscow Trials 87-88, 93-94, 97-98, 102-103, 105, 129, 163, 179
Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus 125

Neave, Nick, 10
New World Order 160 [no earlier references? Also, check one world government references]

Oberauer, Klaus, 14, 25, 45-46, 135
Occupy, 53, 67-68, 117
October Raids, see Operation 8
Official theories 88-89, 105-108, 132, 163
– definition
– as distinct from conspiracy theories, 56, 66-67, 111-112, 116, 178-179
– as complementary to 116
– Official status 88-90, 94-96 100-101
– psychological preference for official theories 108
– SCADs see State Crimes against Democracy
Official stories, see official theories
Oklahoma City Bombing 119
One World Government see New World Order
Open Society, see Public Trust Skepticism
Operation 8 126-128, 131, 136
Oswald, Lee see Kennedy, John F.
Outlandish but true conspiracy theories 156-157,

Págan, Victoria Emma, 11-12, 14, 55-56, 67
Paranoid style, 9-11, 43, 78-79
Particularist views on conspiracy theories, 32-33, 115-116, 144, 157, 175
Pigden, Charles, 16-17, 18-19, 25-26, 73-74, 173, 177
Pipes, Daniel, p. 10, 33, 42-44, 46, 118
Popper, Sir Karl, 15-17, 25-27, 27-30, 72-71
Prior probability that a conspiracy has occurred [need a better term], 13, 137-138, 151-152, 168, 174
Public data, see Public Trust Skepticism 137
Public institutions [earlier references] 81-82, 83-85, 137-138
Public trust, see Public Trust Skepticism
Public trust skepticism
– definition 71-73
– objection to 73-75
– ethical objection to 75-77
– unethical to theorise about conspiracies [might belong under another heading] 77-78
– Openness Objection 78-82, 99-101, 128
– Pragmatic rejection of belief in conspiracy theories 82-85
– hierarchy [something in chapter 5] 99

Radical skepticism of public data 71-75, 82
Räikkä, Juha, 17-18, 27-30, 75-78, 108-112, 152, 178
– local conspiracy theories 75-76
– global conspiracy theories 75-76
– total conspiracy theories 76
Ramsay, Robin, 35
Reptilians, [may be earlier references] 39
Roisman, Joseph, 55-56, 67

Sagarmāthā 148
Salieri, Antonio 125
SCADs, see State Crimes against Democracy
Selective evidence/Selectiveness 125-128
September 11th Attacks, see 9/11
Shaffer, peter 125
Sheen, Charlie, appeals to, 92
Shoah, 27-28, 105, 110
Smith, Heather 151
Snowden, Edward 155, 174
Stalin, Joseph, see Moscow Trials
State Crimes against Democracy 120-123
Sunstein, Cass, 13-14, 135
Surprise parties, [may be earlier references], 29, 40-44, 45, 50-51, 177
Sutton, Robbie M., 34, 45, 134-135
Swami, Viren, 34

Taylor, Jason, 31, 114-116, 139-142
Titan, Life on 150-151
Total conspiracies, 17-18
Toxic truths 136-137
Trotsky, Leon, see Moscow Trials
Trust in authority, 78-79

Vagueness of claims of conspiracies, see conspiracies
Vanakin, Jonathan, 47-49
Vermuele, Adrian, 13-14, 135

Watergate 74, 114, 141
WikiLeaks 155
Wood, Gordon S., 11-12, 70-71, 74
Wood, Michael J., 34, 45, 105-106, 134-135
Woodward, Bob 74

The X Files 128-129

Zonis, Marvin, 34-35, 45


About Matthew Dentith

Author of "The Philosophy of Conspiracy Theories" (Palgrave Macmillan), Matthew Dentith wrote his PhD on epistemic issues surrounding belief in conspiracy theories. He is a frequent media commentator on the weird and the wonderful, both locally and internationally. On occasion he can be caught dreaming about wax lions but, mostly, it is rumoured he works for elements of the New World Order.